Thyroid and Parathyroid Surgery

The thyroid gland is one of the most important in the body in that it produces hormones to regulate physiological functions in the body, such as metabolism. It is considered an endocrine gland and shares this title with the likes of the pituitary, adrenal, and parathyroid glands. When the thyroid gland is not working properly, it can cause numerous problems and health conditions. It is important that you understand not only how the thyroid functions and why it is important, but what some of the symptoms are that may indicate there is a problem. Unfortunately, more than 20 million Americans suffer from some type of thyroid disorder. This is a large percentage of our adult population, which shows what a serious problem thyroid disease is. While many people seek treatment, millions of adults are unknowingly living with a thyroid condition. Here at Surgical Associates of Mansfield, it is our goal to educate our patients and ensure they receive the treatment they deserve. Our door is always open and we are happy to answer any questions you may have about thyroid disease or any other condition.

About the Thyroid Gland

Located in the middle of the neck just below the thyroid cartilage (or Adam’s apple), the thyroid looks like a butterfly, with lobes protruding from the centerpiece, or isthmus. In addition to the thyroid itself, there are a handful of important body parts and structures located in this area of the body, including:

  • The carotid artery
  • The jugular vein
  • The esophagus
  • The trachea
  • The parathyroid glands (4 small glands about the size of a piece of rice)

Along with a series of nerves and network of lymphatics and lymph nodes, the thyroid gland is an essential piece of neck anatomy. Thyroid conditions can wreak havoc on an individual’s life and cause other more serious health problems. Some of the most common symptoms of a thyroid condition include:

  • Fatigue
  • Changes in weight
  • Difficulty sleeping

These are just a few of the signs that may indicate an individual’s thyroid is not working as it should. If you are experiencing any of the above, it is important you make an appointment with your healthcare provider right away. While many thyroid problems are minor and require simple changes, these symptoms could be indicative of far more serious conditions, including:

  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Thyroid nodules and goiters
  • Thyroid cancer

If your doctor has determined you have a thyroid condition, he or she will recommend various treatment options, depending on your particular scenario. The overall goal of treating thyroid disease is to bring blood levels of the thyroid hormone back to normal, which could mean taking a specific medication or undergoing surgery.

Understanding Parathyroid Disease

Parathyroid disease, or hyperparathyroidism, is a common condition that can decrease life expectancy if left untreated. This is the main disease that affects the parathyroid glands and can be extremely destructive. This condition is caused by the overproduction of the parathyroid hormone or by a parathyroid tumor. It is important to note that surgery is the only option to properly treat parathyroid disease. Unfortunately, there are no medications or alternative therapies that can effectively treat this condition. The parathyroid tumor must be removed by an experienced surgeon, such as one from our clinic.

About Thyroid and Parathyroid Surgery

In the event your physician determines you need surgery to correct a thyroid problem, don’t panic. Here at Surgical Associates of Mansfield, we are experienced in thyroid and parathyroid surgeries. Typically, our patients are able to have the surgery performed as an outpatient surgery, allowing them to return home the same day. If you would like to learn more about thyroid disease or surgery, please do not hesitate to contact Surgical Associates of Mansfield today. We are committed to providing each patient with the individual care and attention they need, no matter what their health concerns are.